German Loquat Tree
The common medlar (Mespilus germanica) is a fruit tree, belonging to the Rosaceae family and to the genus Mespilus; it is also called the Germanic medlar. The fruit is called "medlar". The fruits are small rough-skinned and light brown pommels, often covered by a very fine hair; they are small in size: 2-2.5 cm in diameter; they are harvested in November, but are not consumed fresh, as said in the uses. It is a plant much visited by bees.
- jar 22cm, height 150/170cm
The German medlar known by the common name of Nespolo or common medlar is a fruit bearing native to south-western Europe and belonging to the Rosaceae family. Widespread in Italy in all regions, it is a highly appreciated fruit even if not of particular economic importance. The medlar is a typical fruit tree with fairly small dimensions. The plants at their maximum development have a height that does not exceed 6 meters with a foliage at most 8 meters wide.The leaves are dark green, alternate, they can have an oblong-oval or lanceolate shape with a toothed margin. In the autumn period they change color and then fall. They reach a length of about 15 cm and a width of about 5-7 cm and in the autumn period take on a yellow color that later turns into brown. The branches of the medlar are tomentose mostly twisted, with mixed buds concentrated mainly in the apical part. The buds that develop from the apical buds bring the flowers in the spring. The flowers generally appear in May, have a typically white color but can also be pink. The plants are self-fertile (or self-fertile) therefore they do not need to have male plants nearby, they can be grown as single specimens, however obtaining a good production. The fruits are typically rotundish brownish in color but which can take on various shades and variations depending on the cultivar cultivated.
Cultivation and Care:
As for the exposure, the medlar plant prefers positions in full sun where it can make the most of fruit production. It grows well even in half shade but it is not advisable to carry out a new plant in slightly exposed positions. However, it is good to also ensure a good shelter from the weather, for new crops it is good to choose a place not too exposed to the winds to avoid damage to the branches.For the ideal soil, the medlar needs a non-calcareous substrate, in truth it has a great adaptability but it is better to avoid poorly drained soils. The plant does not like too humid soils and especially those with water stagnation. The irrigation of the medlar must be done in the first vegetative states of the plant.