'Cipressino' olive tree Vase 10cm, H120 / 130cm
The cultivation of the Cipressino olive tree is present above all in Puglia and Sardinia. It is a fairly recent variety and was initially used mostly as a windbreak plant, to protect other crops. Until the 1960s, this olive tree had not yet been cultivated. It later spread rapidly to its homeland, Pietrafitta di Palagiano, from which the name Olivo di Pietrafitta also derives.
- Vase: 22cm, Height: 150/170cm
From the Puglia region the plant has slowly spread to Sardinia, where an extensive cultivation for the production of oil has begun. In this way, the Cipressino has lost its original function as a windbreak. It is a very beautiful tree, it grows very slowly, it is very long-lived and reaches an age of several centuries. This olive tree is also cultivated as an ornamental plant in parks and gardens.This olive tree is characterized by a thick and compact crown with upright posture, that is, its branches grow sharply upwards, like the cypress tree. For this reason, the olive tree was given the name of Cipressino. The canopy develops very quickly with plants so tight that it was initially used as a hedge. This peculiarity is the reason why the plant adapts well to mechanically harvested plants. Conversely, sprouting tends to take place downwards. Cases of ovarian abortion are usually quite frequent, around 50-60%. The bark is smooth and gray until the age of ten, after which it becomes gnarled and black. The stem reaches considerable dimensions and can be branched up to the base. The leaves are small and lanceolate. The olive is fleshy, first green and then black-reddish. The Cipressino olive tree is a very robust and strong tree, although it can be attacked by the olive tree fly. However, it is also able to tolerate brackish living conditions very well. The fruit ripens during the period between November and December. Another peculiarity of the plant is that it is self-sterile, which leads it to offer great productivity, as well as regular and frequent. This makes it very popular on the market. Furthermore, the tree can be pollinated by the main and famous other olive varieties present in our country. the olive oil yield is around 15%, that is an average level, lower than many other varieties. In addition to the production of oil, olives are somewhat used for sale as a fresh fruit, given their excellent taste. In this case, however, the time of collection must be brought forward. The fruits of the Cipressino olive tree are rounded and of medium size, weighing about 2 and a half grams, which can also take on a red-violet color and have a pleasant bitter taste. The oil obtained from it has a golden color and various green shades. The aroma is quite fruity, with a spicy and slightly spicy flavor. It contains excellent amounts of salts and beneficial fats that also give it an intense taste. In recent times, this excellent variety of olive tree has slowly managed to conquer a large slice of the sector's market, with constant growth that is not over yet. Producers consider the olive tree an irreplaceable variety for the great quality of the oil and the fresh fruit and for the high production that has been achieved in recent years.
Cultivation and Care:
The Cipressino Olive Tree, more than the minimum winter temperatures, however, fears sudden changes in temperature that can cause cracks in the trunks and branches. Some parts of the plant are particularly sensitive to the action of frost: the leaves, the buds and the bark. The latter is torn not only in the twigs, but also in the larger branches and in the trunk. The olive tree is a plant that prefers arid environments while it fears excessive humidity, except in spring, in correspondence with the maximum vegetative activity. Calcareous and dry soils are ideal, but good productions can also be obtained in clayey soils, if well drained, and in sandy ones, as long as they are sufficiently irrigated.