Northern banana tree, Asimina triloba
Avocado is an exotic fruit that is recently starting to be grown in Italy too, especially in the regions of the far south such as Calabria and Sicily. Its scientific name is Persea americana and it is popularly known as avocado or avocado tree. This plant belongs to the Lauraceae family and has been cultivated for over 7,000 years. The species grows well with a tropical climate but adapts well to the mild climate areas of the Mediterranean.
The avocado plant can reach a height of about 20 meters but more commonly, when cultivated, it does not go beyond 12 meters.
- Height: 60cm
Avocado is considered one of the healthiest and most energetic fruits that nature can offer us. It is above all a source of mineral salts, such as potassium, omega 3 fatty acids and vitamins. Avocado is a precious source of minerals and lipids considered beneficial for our body. 100 grams of avocado (considering only the edible part, i.e. the pulp) provide our body, based on the CREA tables, 4.4 grams of protein, 23 grams of lipids and 1.8 grams of carbohydrates. of vegetable origin, avocado does not contain cholesterol. Avocado is also a source of vitamins, with particular reference to vitamin A, vitamin C and vitamin E. It is a set of vitamins that help our body protect itself from aging, strengthen vision and defenses Avocado is one of the most energetic fruits we have available. In fact, 100 grams of avocado (edible part) provide our body with 231 calories, which derive mainly from the lipid content of this fruit.
Cultivation and Care:
Paw because the fruit resembles that of the papaya. It has a bushy habit and the shape of the crown tends to be globular. The leaves are deciduous arranged alternately along the ramifications, green in color during the vegetative period, in the autumn they take on a yellow color. They are obovate in shape up to 30 cm long and 15 cm wide. Fruits are edible, they are irregular ovoid or cylindrical berries (also called reniform), they are on average 10 cm long and have an initially green-yellow color which then with maturation complete turns yellow-brown. The fruits have a weight that varies between 70 and 250 grams, have a smooth skin, the internal pulp is yellow-orange and very similar in consistency to that of avocado. Inside the pulp there are seeds which can vary in number from about 8 to 20